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Master of Technology (M.Tech)

Basics of M.Tech

Master of Technology (M.Tech) is a post graduate degree that engineers can opt for. It forms an extension of an engineer’s graduate education and provides him with an opportunity for practical implementation of engineering knowledge. Generally, if a student has a good understanding of technical subjects and he wishes to enhance his skills in the field of Engineering or technology, it is advisable that he pursue an M.Tech course from recognized institutes of the country.

How to pursue an M.Tech degree in India?

In order to pursue M.Tech in India from Top Colleges, an aspirant needs to take GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) which is jointly conducted by IITs and IISC, Bangalore. The exam generally takes place in February. Depending on the GATE score, aspirants can also apply for financial assistance. For teaching Assistantship and Research Assistantship, financial assistance is offered for a valid GATE score.

There are many top notch colleges that are considered best for pursuing M.Tech. Among these are the colleges of IITs, NITs, IIITs, and BITs. IISc Bangalore is also one of the best colleges that offer an M.Tech degree. There are many colleges in south that are considered best to pursue MTech degree. Admission to M.Tech course in few colleges is purely on the basis of academic performance in BTech course


GATE stands for Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering. The exam checks the aspirants’ knowledge of Engineering areas covered during his Graduation (B.E or B. Tech or B. Arch). GATE is jointly conducted by the IITs and IIsc Bangalore on behalf of the National Coordination Board (GATE -MHRD). For those who have a good hold over technical subjects of engineering and also have a keen interest to enhance their skills in the same arena, GATE is the route of entry to the recognized Post Graduate or Doctoral programs in India.

Why Take GATE Exam?

GATE scores are required for the following purposes:

  • For admission to M Tech, M.E or PhD programs in various MHRD recognized colleges all over the country.
  • As a Selection(screening) criterion in some of the Public sector organizations in the country (GAIL, HPCL, DDA, IOCL, BPCL, NTPC, BEL, NALCO)
  • As a basic requirement for fellowship programs
  • For obtaining financial assistance during Masters programs
  • For obtaining financial assistance for Doctoral programs in Engineering/Technology/Architecture or other MHRD recognized institutes
  • For obtaining financial assistance for Doctoral programs in Sciences’ stream under MHRD recognized institutes

Exam Pattern

The GATE paper is a 3 hour duration exam with maximum marks as 100 and a total of 65 questions. The candidate is eligible for that exam code which is appropriate to his qualifying degree whereas his choice of papers opted may vary depending upon the Institution’s eligibility criteria. The exam gives 15 marks weight age to the General Aptitude and rest 85 marks go to the core technical questions.

Types of Questions:

  • Paper consists of multiple choice objective questions.
  • Common Data Questions:
    In this type of questions 2 questions are asked based on the data provided.
  • Linked Answer Questions:
    In this type answer to the second question depends on the answer of the first question.There is NO Negative marking for the second question. The Catch is, the second answer will be evaluated ONLY IF the first is correct i.e. Wrong first answer and correct second answer would mean Negative marks on the whole.(In the actual GATE exam, a lot of students attempt the first question without being sure so that they can answer the “No Negative marks” question and end up getting negative marks.)
  • Numerical Answer Questions:
    This type of questions also has No Negative marking. In this type answer to the question is a whole number.
    Hence, except for numerical answer questions and second questions in the linked answer sets, all questions in the GATE exam papers have 1/3 negative marks for 1 mark questions and 2/3 negative marks for 2 mark questions.
Testing Areas No. of Questions Marks Break Up Total Marks
Engineering Subjects 2 Sections (22 questions each) 9 Questions = 1 Mark each
13 Questions = 2 Marks each
35 Marks*2 sections = 70
Engineering Maths 11 7 Questions = 1 Mark each
4 Questions = 2 Marks each
General Aptitude 10 5 Questions = 1 Mark each
5 Questions = 2 Marks each
Total 65 100

The GATE score is important for those who wish to enhance their career in technical field, or in the field of technical research. After completing M Tech and Doctoral programs, students get attractive packages or can pursue a reputable career in the field of Research. They can avail options of working with top Government organizations also through GATE score or after completion of the Post Graduation program.

The benefits of an M.Tech degree:

One of the major benefits of a degree in management is that multiple job avenues open-up for an individual. Every department in an organization, be it the sales, operation, human resource or operations department requires MBAs to handle the management side of the work. Such a wide-scale applicability for MBA graduates means that numerous options exist for them in terms of the sectors they want to work in. Some of the business sectors where MBAs are frequently hired are:The demand for engineers is generally pretty high at all times. This is because they form a vital part of the educated and skilled workforce of any country. With every country persistently engaged in the processes of development and improvement, there are thousands of areas where engineering knowledge is required. An M.Tech degree has the dual advantage as it opens up the avenues of twin careers of a professional engineer as well as a managerial role. Benefits include:

  • Pursuing MTech after BTech gives sufficient time to get deep technical knowledge of the subject and have more control over it.
  • Degree of MTech enhances your professional qualifications and builds up a strong social industrial network through which we are able to get top notch jobs.
  • There are Opportunities to shift into managerial roles as one gains greater experience in the technical field.

Areas of Opportunities for M.Tech Graduates

An M.Tech graduate has a number of career opportunities open for him. The rapid pace of development in the country and the need for skilled engineers has meant that there are a number of vistas for M.Tech graduates. The following are some of the career options that a student can avail after his M.Tech degree:

  • Corporate Sector: In case the person pursues his M.Tech from a college of repute, then there are a number of opportunities in the corporate sector. Almost all fields of engineering offer possible employment. The Employment opportunities after Mtech include offers from: consulting companies (TCE Consulting Engineers Ltd., Zinnov Research & Consulting etc.); Core Engineering Companies (Punj Lloyd, L&T ECC); R & D Centers (BARC, ISRO etc.)
  • Research & Development: The opportunity of super-specialization and further studies (for example PhD) is always open after completing the M.Tech degree
  • The Teaching Profession is another career opportunity available after completing one’s M.Tech. With a number of colleges opening in the country, there are a number of jobs available for teachers.

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